Briefly on research in high energy physics
The Standard Model (SM) of elementary particles and their interactions is one of the most complete theories in the history of physics which has gradually taken shape over many years. The SM has withstood tests of unprecedented precision but still, we know that this model is not completed. Participation in the CMS experiment at the LHC is the focal point of the group’s long-term research vision. The discovery of a Higgs boson by the ATLAS and CMS experiments at the Large Hadron Collider (LHC) has opened a new era for particle physics, namely precision consistency tests of the SM Higgs boson. Three main goals of the research are the measurement of the SM Higgs boson properties, as the window for the search for new physics beyond the Standard Model, a direct search for new physical phenomena by looking for hypothetical particles called leptoquarks, and work on the ECAL Trigger improvements.
The research in Nuclear Physics relates to experimental and theoretical research on the nuclear matter under extreme pressure and temperature conditions. Such conditions are obtained in the reactions of heavy ions at high energies of incident ions. The research includes analyzes of collected experimental data and computer simulations of such events using complex software packages. Hadrons are complex systems composed of quarks and gluons. Under extreme conditions of pressure and temperature, hadrons can lose their identities and transform into new states of matter, similar to matter that was supposed to have existed in the early Universe.
Studying high energy physics
The High Energy Physics is devoted to the study of the elementary blocks of matter and of the associated forces. The accelerated development of astrophysics and particle physics has resulted in very important discoveries in recent years, notably the discovery of the Higgs boson at CERN in 2012 and the detection of gravitational waves by the 2016 LIGO experiment. Although elementary particle physics deals with the smallest and astrophysics the largest objects in nature, the boundary between these two branches of physics is completely erased by the birth of a new discipline called Astroparticle physics.
The increasing intertwining of Astrophysics and Elementary Particle Physics naturally results in the creation of the Master program that will allow students to understand nature on the smallest and largest scales through the interplay of Astrophysics and Particle Physics. Students will gain a wide range of knowledge, from fundamental interactions in the nature to the origin and development of space on the largest scales. Particular emphasis will be placed on the understanding the experimental background of modern Astrophysics and Particle Physics, the application of modern methods in data analysis, eg Neural Networks, and the application of computational physics in solving complex problems.